Friday, September 22, 2006

Ukraine

Ukraine is a country in Eastern Europe. It borders Russia to the northeast, Belarus to
the north, Poland, Slovakia and Hungary to the west, Romania and Moldova to the
southwest and the Black Sea to the south. The famous city of Kiev is the republic's
capital.
From at least the ninth century the territory of present-day Ukraine was a centre of
medieval East Slavic civilization that formed the state that became known as Kievan
Rus and for the following several centuries the territory was separated between a
number of regional powers. After a brief period of independence (1917-1921) following
the Russian Revolution of 1917, Ukraine became one of the founding Soviet Republics
in 1922. The Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic's territory was enlarged westward after
the Second World War, and again in 1954 with the Crimea transfer. Ukraine became
independent once more after the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991.

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