Tuesday, December 25, 2007

What is offshore outsourcing in SEO?

The Offshore outsourcing, or “offshoring”, denotes to outsourcing to firms in foreign countries, often to take advantage of labor arbitrage. In the past 10 years, business process outsourcing contracts have progressively more been given to firms in developing countries. Typically educated workers in developing countries, such as India or China, work for a much lower wage than do alike educated workers in developed countries, like Japan. Savings from the lower wage rate must go beyond the increased costs of management and risk connected with offshore outsourcing for it to be economically viable.

Wednesday, December 19, 2007

What do you mean by Natural Environment?

The natural environment commonly referred to only as the environment, is a word that comprises all part of living and non-living things that take place naturally on Earth. This term contains a little key component:

Complete scenery units that gathering as natural systems with no huge human participation, including all plants, animals, rocks, etc. and natural phenomena so as to take place within their borders.

The whole natural resources and the phenomena that require boundaries, like air, water and climate. Natural features which occur within areas heavily partial by man. The natural surroundings are contrasted with the built environment, which includes the areas and components that are directly influenced by man. A geographical area is regarded as a natural environment, if the human force on it is set aside under a definite limited level. This level depends on the exacting context, and changes in different places and contexts.

Tuesday, December 11, 2007

A short on Cooking

Cooking is the work of preparing food for eating. The word cooking encompasses all methods of food preparation with non-heated methods. It includes a huge range of methods, tools and combinations of ingredients to change the taste or digestibility of food. It is the method of select, measuring and mixing of ingredients in a planned procedure in a try to get the desired result. Factors affecting the final result include the inconsistency of ingredients, ambient conditions, tools, and the skill of the person doing the genuine cooking.

The variety of cooking universal is a reflection of the several nutritional, aesthetic, agricultural, cultural and religious considerations that crash upon it.

Cooking normally requires applying heat to a food, which regularly, though not always, chemically transforms it, therefore varying its flavor, texture, appearance, and nutritional properties. There is archaeological evidence of roasted foodstuffs, equally animal and vegetable, in human campsites dating from the initial known use of fire, some 800,000 years ago.

Wednesday, December 05, 2007

The different fashions of Lens

The color of the lens can differ with fashion, but for common use, green, grey, or brown is suggested to keep away from or minimize color distortion, that could be unsafe when, for case, driving a car. The Grey lenses are considered neutral for the reason that they do not improve contrast or distort colors. The Brown and green lenses cause some minimal color distortion, but have the contrast-enhancing properties. Red lenses are excellent for medium and lower light circumstances for the reason that they are good at enhancing contrast. Orange and yellow lenses have the top contrast improvement and depth perception. That is why yellow lenses are generally used by golfers and shooters. The Blue and purple lenses give no real benefits. The Clear lenses are used primarily to care for the eyes from impact, debris, or chemicals.

Aside from the lens color, there are some sunglasses have a mirrored coating on the outer surface. This mirrored coating reflects a few of the light when it hits the lens before it is transmitted through the lens making it valuable in bright conditions. These mirrored coatings can be made any color by the maker for styling and fashion purposes. The color of the mirrored surface is inappropriate to the color of the lens. For instance, a gray lens can have a blue mirror coating, and a brown lens can contain a silver coating. These types of sunglasses are at times called mirror shades.

Other models have polarized lenses to lessen glare caused by light reflected from polarizing surfaces like water with the polarized diffuse sky radiation (skylight).Some models make use of a degradation where the top of the glass is darker and the bottom is transparent. Depending on the company, any of the above features can be combined into a set of lenses for a pair of sunglasses. Before the beginning of sunglasses, one-eyed people could wear an eye patch to not disturb other people. Few people who are severely visually impaired but still sighted wear sunglasses to protect their vision against glare.

Thursday, November 29, 2007


Music is an art form that involves organized sounds and quiet. It is articulated in terms of pitch (which includes melody and harmony), rhythm (which includes tempo and meter), and the quality of sound (which includes timbre, articulation, dynamics, and texture).

Music may also absorb generative forms in time through the construction of patterns and combinations of natural stimuli, principally sound. Music may be used for artistic or aesthetic, communicative, entertainment, traditional or religious purposes. The definition of what constitutes music varies according to culture and social context, with assorted interpretations of the term being established under sub-genres of the art. Within "the arts", music can be classified as a performing art, a fine art, or an auditory art form

The history of music predates the written word and is tied to the enlargement of each unique human culture. The development of music among humans occurred against the backdrop of natural sounds such as birdsong and the sounds other animals use to communicate. primeval music, once more commonly called primitive music, is the name given to all music created in preliterate cultures (prehistory), beginning somewhere in very late geological history.

Monday, November 19, 2007


A microprocessor is a programmable component. It incorporates the functions of a central processing unit (CPU) on a single semiconducting integrated circuit (IC). The microprocessor was born by dipping the word size of the CPU from 32 bits to 4 bits, so that the transistors of its logic circuits would vigorous onto a single part. One or more microprocessors typically serve up as the CPU in a computer system, embedded system, or handheld device.

Microprocessors made probable the beginning of the microcomputer in the mid-1970s. Before this period, electronic CPUs were typically made from massive distinct switching devices (and later small-scale integrated circuits) containing the equivalent of only a few transistors. By integrating the processor onto one or a very few large-scale integrated circuit packages (containing the equivalent of thousands or millions of discrete transistors), the cost of processor power was greatly reduced. Since the dawn of the IC in the mid-1970s, the microprocessor has become the most rampant implementation of the CPU, nearly completely replacing all other forms. See History of computing hardware for pre-electronic and early electronic computers.

Thursday, November 15, 2007

History of Egypt

The history of Egypt is the fastest constant history, as a unified state, of every country in the world. The Nile valley forms a natural geographic unit, surrounded to the east and west by deserts, to the north by the sea and to the south by the Cataracts of the Nile. They require having a single ability to manage the waters of the Nile led to the making of the world's first state in Egypt in about 3000 BC. Egypt's peculiar geography made it a hard country to attack, which is why Pharaonic Egypt was for so long an sovereign and self-contained state.

Egypt did yield to foreign rule, yet, it proved unable to escape from it, and for 2,400 years Egypt was governed by foreigners. (The Hyksos were among the first foreign rulers of Egypt, but the ancient Egyptians regained organize of their country after the Hykso period.)

Monday, November 05, 2007


The term "fashion" generally applies to a popular mode of expression, but quite regularly applies to a personal style of expression that may or may not apply to all. Inherent in the term is the design that the mode will vary more quickly than the culture as a total. The terms "fashionable" and "unfashionable" are in use to describe whether somebody or something fits in with the recent popular mode of appearance. The term "fashion" is regularly used in a positive sense, as a synonym for glamour and style. In this sense, fashions are a type of public art, through which a culture examines its design of beauty and goodness. The term "fashion" is as well sometimes used in a negative sense, as a synonym for fads, trends, and greed.

Fashion in clothes has acceptable wearers to express feeling or unity with other people for millennia. Modern Westerners have an extensive choice presented in the selection of their clothes. What a person chooses to dress in can reflect that person's personality or likes. When people who have cultural type start to wear new or different clothes a fashion trend may start. People who like or esteem them may start to wear clothes of a similar style.

Thursday, October 25, 2007


Weather most frequently results from temperature differences from one planet to another. On large scales, temperatures differences arise mainly as areas closer to Earth's equator get more energy per unit area from the Sun than do regions nearer to Earth's poles. On local scales, temperature differences can arise because different surfaces have opposed physical characteristics such as reflectivity, roughness, or moisture content.

Surface temperature differences in roll cause pressure differences. A hot surface heats the air over it and the air expands, lowering the air pressure. The resulting parallel pressure rise accelerates the air from high to low pressure, creating wind, and Earth's rotation then causes curvature of the pour via the Coriolis Effect. The strong temperature contrast among polar and tropical air gives rise to the jet flow. Most weather systems in the mid-latitudes are caused by instabilities of the jet stream flow. Weather systems in the tropics are caused by different processes, such as monsoons shower systems.

Wednesday, October 17, 2007

Internet marketing

Internet marketing is the use of the Internet to advertise and sell goods and services. Internet Marketing includes pay per click advertising, banner ads, e-mail marketing, affiliate marketing, blog marketing, article marketing, etc. Some of the benefits associated with Internet marketing include the availability of information. Consumers can log onto the Internet and learn about products, as well as purchase them, at any hour.

Monday, October 08, 2007


Music is an art form that involves organized sounds and quiet. It is articulated in terms of pitch (which includes melody and harmony), rhythm (which includes tempo and meter), and the quality of sound (which includes timbre, articulation, dynamics, and texture).

Music may also absorb generative forms in time through the construction of patterns and combinations of natural stimuli, principally sound. Music may be used for artistic or aesthetic, communicative, entertainment, traditional or religious purposes. The definition of what constitutes music varies according to culture and social context, with assorted interpretations of the term being established under sub-genres of the art. Within "the arts", music can be classified as a performing art, a fine art, or an auditory art form

The history of music predates the written word and is tied to the enlargement of each unique human culture. The development of music among humans occurred against the backdrop of natural sounds such as birdsong and the sounds other animals use to communicate. primeval music, once more commonly called primitive music, is the name given to all music created in preliterate cultures (prehistory), beginning somewhere in very late geological history.

Thursday, September 27, 2007

Selecting a "beauty queen"

Beauty pageants are usually multi-tiered, through local competitions feeding into the bigger competitions. The worldwide pageants, thus, need hundreds, sometimes thousands, of local competitions. In the United States, there is currently a commercial beauty pageant industry that organizes thousands of local events for all ages for profit supported by magazines like The Crown Magazine and Pride of Pageantry, the online epiczine.com, the Pageant News Bureau (pageant.com), and The Crown Magazine, and a crowd of retailers of all from tiaras to cosmetic surgery.

Beauty Queens are selected on many criteria. Every individual pageant will provide to future delegates its exacting methods of competition and scoring. For example, The universal Pageant http://www.worldwidepageant.net has a sole scoring method wherein delegates have the possible of earning a score of 110%. The breakdown is 25% evening wear (may be pants or gown), 25% physical wear, 50% personal interview, and an optional 10% for a getting portfolio. Diamond Dolls is a pictorial only competition which provides 100% of the score based leading submission of required photos.

There are other pageants who take a completely different approach on the whole. Mostly in reference to on-line photogenic pageants, there are competitions in which a winner is selected on a monthly or even weekly basis. There are persons who will take each of these as a "preliminary winner" with the aim upon a "final" competition at some later date. Others delight each of these as a "final" winner and give a title.

In spite of the method of competition, break down of scores or frequency of selection; all are defined as "activity in the form of a beauty pageant." It is up to the person to determine which is best suitable for competition or of particular entertainment interest.

Friday, September 21, 2007

Formal wear

Formal wear or formal dress is a common fashion term used to explain clothing suitable for formal procedures, with weddings, debutante cotillions, etc. Western formal dress has had a invasive influence on styles in various countries. It is almost forever the standard used in countries where there is no formal edition of the national costume. Foreign dignitaries and honored visitors in Western countries often take on Western evening dress on formal and state occasions, although it is not unusual for distinguished persons to wear the formal versions of their general dress if such exists; the sari and the dashiki are easily-recognizable examples.

Unlike for the most part of the fashion world, the styles of formal dress take their names from men's wear rather than female dress. Traditional 'rules' oversee men's formal dress; these are firmly observed at socially traditional events such as royal weddings, and provide as starting points for the creative formal wear seen at high school proms, formal dances and leisure industry awards shows.

Tuesday, August 28, 2007


Sport is an activity to facilitate is governed by a set of rules or customs and frequently engaged in competitively. Used by itself, sports generally refer to activities where the physical capabilities of the participant are the sole or primary determiner of the outcome, but the term is also used to comprise activities such as mind sports and motor sports where psychological acuity or equipment quality are major factors. Sports are used as hobby for the player and the viewer. It has also proved by experiments that daily exercise would boost mental strength and power to study.

Sports have been ever more organized and keeping pace from the time of the Ancient Olympics up to the present century. Industrialization has brought improved leisure time to the citizens of developed and developing countries, leading to more time for people to be present at and follow spectator sports, greater contribution in athletic activities, and increased accessibility. These trends continued with the beginning of mass media and global statement.

Monday, July 16, 2007


A river is a natural waterway, which moves water diagonally the land from upper to lower elevations, and is a main part of the water cycle. The water within a river is generally from rain through surface runoff and release of stored water in natural reservoirs, such as groundwater.

The beginning of a mountain river from their resource, all rivers run downhill, naturally terminating in the sea or in a lake, during a flowing together. In dry areas rivers sometimes finish by losing water to evaporation. River water may also gain access to the soil or pervious rock, where it becomes groundwater. Extreme abstraction of water for use in industry, irrigation, etc., can also source a river to dry before reaching its natural boundary.

Wednesday, May 30, 2007


Most bananas grown universal are used for local consumption. In the tropics, bananas, particularly cooking bananas, stand for a major source of food, as well as a major source of income for smallholder farmers. It is in the East African highlands that bananas reach their utmost importance as a staple food crop. In countries such as Uganda, Burundi and Rwanda per capita consumption has been estimated at 450 kg per year, the highest in the world. Ugandans use the same word "matooke" to describe both banana and food.
In the past, the banana was a highly sustainable crop with a long plantation life and stable yields year round. However with the entrance of the Black Sigatoka fungus, banana production in eastern Africa has fallen by over 40%. For example during the 1970s, Uganda produced 15 to 20 tonnes of bananas per hectare. Today production has fallen to only 6 tonnes per hectare.

Monday, May 14, 2007

Synthetic and artificial gemstones

Some gemstones are manufactured to imitate other gemstones. For example, cubic zirconia is a artificial diamond simulant composed of zirconium oxide. The imitations copy the look and color of the actual stone but possess neither their chemical nor physical characteristics. However, true synthetic gemstones are not necessarily imitation. For example, diamonds, ruby, sapphires and emeralds have been manufactured in labs, which possess very nearly the same chemical and physical characteristics to the naturally occurring variety. Synthetic corundums, including ruby and sapphire, are very ordinary and they cost only a fraction of the natural stones. Smaller synthetic diamonds have been manufactured in large quantities as industrial abrasives for many years. Only recently, larger synthetic diamonds of gemstone quality, especially of the colored variety, have been manufactured.

Wednesday, April 25, 2007

Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is at present the only fully functional Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). More than two dozen GPS satellites are in medium Earth orbit, transmitting signals allowing GPS receivers to determine the receiver's location, speed and direction.

Since the first investigational satellite was launched in 1978, GPS has become an indispensable aid to navigation around the world, and an essential tool for map-making and land surveying. GPS also provides a precise time reference used in many applications including scientific study of earthquakes, and synchronization of telecommunications networks.

Developed by the United States Department of Defense, it is authoritatively named NAVSTAR GPS (NAVigation Satellite Timing And Ranging Global Positioning System). The satellite constellation is managed by the United States Air Force 50th Space Wing. The cost of maintaining the system is around US$750 million per year,[1] including the replacement of aging satellites, and research and development. Despite this fact, GPS is free for civilian use as a public good.

Monday, April 02, 2007

Mean sea level pressure

Mean sea level pressure is the pressure at sea level or the station pressure condensed to sea level assuming an isothermal layer at the station temperature. This is the pressure usually given in weather reports on radio, television, and newspapers. When barometers in the home are set to match the local weather reports, they measure pressure condensed to sea level, not the actual local atmospheric pressure. The reduction to sea level means that the usual range of fluctuations in pressure is the same for everyone. The pressures which are measured high pressure or low pressure do not depend on geographical location. This makes isobars on a weather map meaningful and useful tool. The altimeter setting in aviation, set either QNH or QFE, is another atmospheric pressure reduced to sea level, but the method of making this reduction differs slightly.

QNH barometric altimeter setting which will cause the altimeter to read airfield elevation when on the airfield. In ISA temperature conditions the altimeter will read altitude above mean sea level in the vicinity of the airfield.QFE barometric altimeter setting which will cause an altimeter to read zero when at the reference datum of a particular airfield. In ISA temperature conditions the altimeter will read height above the datum in the vicinity of the airfield.

Wednesday, March 21, 2007

Indian Independence movement

The Indian Independence Movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to expel the British, French and Portuguese from their trade-posts in the subcontinent; it involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and rebellions between 1857 and India's emergence as an unified nation-state on August 15, 1947.

The initial Indian Rebellion of 1857 was sparked when soldiers serving in the British East India Company's British Army and Indian kingdoms rebelled against the British. After the revolt was crushed, India developed a class of educated elites whose political organising sought Indian political rights and representation while cleverly allowing the British to go ahead with western-style industrial developments. However, increasing public disenchantment with the presence of the British — their involvement in native civil liberties, political rights, and culture as well as alienation from issues facing common Indians — led to an upsurge in revolutionary activities aimed at overthrowing the non-natives, particularly the British.

Sunday, March 11, 2007


Infrared (IR) emission is electromagnetic emission of a wavelength longer than that of noticeable light, but shorter than that of radio waves. The name means "below red", red being the color of detectable light of longest wavelength. Infrared radiation spans three instructions of magnitude and has wavelengths between about 750 nm and 1 mm.

These divisions are suitable by the different human response to this radiation: near infrared is the area closest in wavelength to the radiation detectable by the human eye, mid and far infrared are gradually further from the visible regime. Other definitions follow different physical mechanisms and the newest follow technical reasons .Unfortunately the international standards for these specifications are not currently obtainable.

The boundary between visible and infrared light is not precisely defined. The human eye is markedly less responsive to light above 700 nm wavelength, so longer frequencies make irrelevant contributions to scenes illuminated by common light sources. But particularly strong light (e.g., from lasers, or from bright daylight with the visible light removed by colored gels can be detected up to approximately 780 nm, and will be apparent as red light. The onset of infrared is defined at different values typically between 700 nm and 780 nm.

Monday, March 05, 2007

People mover

A people mover or automated people mover is a completely automated, grade-separated transit system. The term is normally used only to describe systems serving relatively small areas such as airports, downtown districts or theme parks, but is sometimes useful to considerably more complex automated systems. The term does not involve any particular technology, and a people mover may use technologies such as monorail, duorail, automated guide way transit or maglev. Propulsion may engage conventional on-board electric motors, linear motors or cable traction.

A few complex APMs deploy fleets of small vehicles over a track network with off-line stations, and supply near non-stop service to passengers. These taxi-like systems are more frequently referred to as personal rapid transit. Other complex APMs have related characteristics to mass transit systems, and there is no clear cut difference between a complex APM of this type and an automated mass transit system.

Sunday, February 25, 2007


Gold is a extremely sought-after valuable metal that for many centuries has been used as money, a store of value and in ornaments. The metal occurs as nugget or grains in rocks and in alluvial deposits and is one of the coinage metals. It is a soft, glossy, yellow, dense, malleable, and ductile change metal. Modern manufacturing uses include dentistry and electronics. Gold forms the basis for a financial typical used by the International Monetary Fund and the Bank for International resolution . Its ISO currency code is XAU.

Gold is a tinny element with a trait yellow color, but can also be black or ruby when finely alienated, while colloidal solutions are intensely tinted and often purple. These colors are the effect of gold's plasmon frequency lying in the visible range, which causes red and yellow glow to be reflected, and blue light to be engrossed. Only silver colloids show the same interactions with light, albeit at a shorter occurrence, making silver colloids yellow in color.

Gold is a good conductor of temperature and electricity, and is not precious by air and most reagents. Heat, damp, oxygen, and most corrosive agents have very little chemical effect on gold, making it well-suited for use in coins and jewelry; equally, halogens will chemically alter gold, and aqua regia dissolve it.

Pure gold is too soft for ordinary use and is hard-boiled by alloying with silver, copper, and other metals. Gold and its lots of alloys are most often used in jewelry, coinage and as a typical for monetary exchange in various countries. When promotion it in the form of jewelry, gold is calculated in karats , with pure gold being 24k. However, it is more commonly sold in lower capacity of 22k, 18k, and 14k. A lower "k" indicates a higher percent of copper or silver assorted into the alloy, with copper being the more typically used metal between the two. Fourteen karat gold-copper alloy will be almost identical in color to definite bronze alloys, and both may be used to produce polish and added badges. Eighteen karat gold with a high copper content is establish in some traditional jewelry and will have a distinct, though not dominant copper cast, giving an attractively warm color. A comparable karat weight when alloyed with silvery metals will appear less humid in color, and some low karat white metal alloys may be sold as "white gold", silvery in exterior with a slightly yellow cast but far more resistant to decay than silver or sterling silver. Karat weights of twenty and higher is more general in modern jewelry. Because of its high electrical conductivity and confrontation to decay and other desirable combinations of physical and chemical properties, gold also emerged in the late 20th century as an vital industrial metal, particularly as thin plating on electrical card associates and connectors.

Sunday, February 18, 2007

Rice vinegar

Rice vinegar is vinegar prepared from fermented rice or rice wine in China and Japan. Japanese rice vinegar is very soft and mellow and ranges in colour from colourless to pale yellow. There are two different types of Japanese vinegar: one is made from fermented rice and the other is made by adding rice vinegar to sake. Chinese rice vinegars are stronger than Japanese ones, and range in colour from clear to different shades of red and brown. Chinese and especially Japanese vinegars are very mild and sweet compared to purify and more acidic Western vinegars which, for that reason, are not proper substitutes for rice vinegars. White rice vinegar is colorless to pale yellow liquid, superior in vinegar content and more similar to Western vinegars, but still less acidic and milder in flavor.

Black rice vinegar is popular in southern China. Chinkiang vinegar, which originated in the city of Zhenjiang in the eastern coastal province of Jiangsu, China, is measured the best of the black rice vinegars. Usually black rice vinegar is made with glutinous rice, although millet or sorghum may be used instead. It is dark in colour, and has a deep, almost smoky flavor. In addition to Zhenjiang, it is too produced in Hong Kong.

Red rice vinegar is darker than white rice vinegar, and paler than black rice vinegar, with a typical red colour from Red yeast rice, which is cultivated with the mold Monascus purpureus. This vinegar has a distinctive flavour of its own due to the red mold. In Chinese cookbooks, ½ tablespoon of Western white vinegar is equivalent in strength to 1 tablespoon Chinkiang vinegar. Many Chinese people who grow up with rice vinegars take time to raise accustomed to the strength of Western vinegars when they begin to encounter them. Rice vinegar is also used to make sushi.

Monday, February 12, 2007

Chinese White Dolphin

The Chinese White Dolphin also called Indo-Pacific Humpback Dolphin, is a species of the Humpback dolphin and is one of eighty cetacean species. The adult dolphin is generally white or grey in colour. The population along the Chinese coast is unique in that they display a pink-coloured skin. This colour of the skin is not an effect of colour pigmentation, but is actually from blood vessels used for thermoregulation to avoid overheating during exertion. The adult's body length is about 220 - 250 centimeters and the infant's body length is about 1 meter. The normal weight of an adult is around 150 to 230 kilograms.
The Indo-Pacific dolphins can be found throughout Southeast Asia, and they breed from South Africa to Australia. There are two types, with Sumatra, one of the Indonesian islands, as the dividing line between the Chinese and the Western subspecies, Sousa chinensis plumbea. The two subspecies vary in color and size of their dorsal fin. The subspecies found in Southeast Asia has pinkish white skin and a bigger dorsal fin but lacks the fatty hump of its South African and Australian counterparts.

Monday, February 05, 2007


One universal issue is control over who could wear what jewellery, a point which indicate the powerful symbolism the wearing of jewellery evoked. In ancient Rome, for instance, only convinced ranks could wear rings; later, sumptuary laws dictated who could wear what type of jewellery; again based on rank. Cultural dictate have also played a important role; for example, the wearing of earrings by Western men was considered "effeminate" in the 19th and early 20th centuries. on the other hand, the jewellery industry in the early 20th century launched a crusade to popularize wedding rings for men — which caught on — as well as appointment rings for men , going so far as to make a false history and claim that the practice had Medieval roots. By the mid 1940s, 85% of weddings in the U.S. feature a double-ring ceremony, up from 15% in the 1920s.Religion has also played a role: Islam, for instance, consider the wearing of gold by men as a social taboo,and many religions have edicts against extreme display.

Monday, January 29, 2007

The computer

A computer is a machine for manipulate data according to a list of commands known as a program. Computers are tremendously adaptable. In fact, they are universal information-processing machines. According to the Church–Turing theory, a computer with a positive minimum entrance capability is in principle capable of performing the responsibilities of any other computer. Therefore, computers with capability ranging from those of a personal digital supporter to a supercomputer may all achieve the same tasks, as long as time and memory capacity are not consideration. Therefore, the same computer design may be modified for tasks ranging from doling out company payrolls to controlling unmanned spaceflights. Due to technical progression, modern electronic computers are exponentially more capable than those of preceding generations. Computers take plentiful physical forms. Early electronic computers were the size of a large room, while whole modern embedded computers may be lesser than a deck of playing cards. Even today, huge computing conveniences still exist for focused scientific computation and for the transaction processing necessities of large organizations. Smaller computers designed for personage use are called personal computers. Along with its convenient equivalent, the laptop computer, the personal computer is the ubiquitous in order processing and communication tool, and is typically what is meant by "a computer". However, the most general form of computer in use today is the embedded computer. Embedded computers are usually comparatively simple and physically small computers used to control one more device. They may control equipment from fighter aircraft to industrial robots to digital cameras. in the beginning, the term "computer" referred to a person who performed numerical calculations, frequently with the aid of a mechanical calculating device or analog computer. In 1801, Joseph Marie Jacquard made an improvement to the presented loom designs that used a series of punched paper cards as a program to weave involved patterns. The resulting Jacquard loom is not considered a true computer but it was an essential step in the growth of modern digital computers.
Charles Babbage was the first to conceptualize and design a completely programmable computer as early as 1820, In 1801, Joseph Marie Jacquard made an improvement to the presented loom designs that used a series of punched paper cards as a program to weave involved patterns. The resulting Jacquard loom is not considered a true computer but it was an essential step in the growth of modern digital computers.
but due to a combination of the restrictions of the technology of the time, limited finance, and an incapability to resist tinkering with his design, the device was never really constructed in his lifetime. By the end of the 19th century a number of technologies that would later prove helpful in computing had appeared, out such as the punch card and the vacuum tube, and large-scale automated data giving using punch cards was performed by tabulating equipment designed by Hermann Hollerith.During the first half of the 20th century, many technical computing wants were met by increasingly difficult special-purpose analog computers, which used a direct mechanical or electrical model of the problem as a base for subtraction . Sequence of gradually more powerful and stretchy computing devices were construct in the 1930s and 1940s.

Wednesday, January 24, 2007

Chaka Khan

Chaka Khan is the stage name of American singer Yvette Marie Stevens.Khan first came to the attention of the music world as the singer of the funk band Rufus in the mid-1970s and with the help of Stevie Wonder, broke into both the pop and R&B charts in 1974 with the hit "Tell Me Something Good". Throughout the 1970's and early 1980's, the band had a number of R&B hits including "Ain't Nobody", "Masterjam", "Sweet Thing", "Do You Love What You Feel?", and "Everlasting Love". In 1978, launched her smash hit: "I'm Every Woman". A few years later, Khan released her hip-hop based hit, "I Feel for You", written by Prince, which launched her recording career back into full gear.
Khan's career has been gratifying in terms of record sales, but she continues to record and expand musically. Her legacy as a soul icon is indisputable.In September 2004 her 25 year old son Damien Patrick Holland was arrested on charges of murder in the first degree.On December 3, 2004, she received an honorary doctorate degree from Berklee College of Music.

Thursday, January 18, 2007


Vienna is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. Vienna is Austria's primate city; with a population of about 1.6 million, Vienna is by far the largest city in Austria as well as its cultural, economic and political centre. Vienna lies in the south-eastern corner of Central Europe and is close to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.

Vienna is the seat of a number of United Nations offices and various international institutions and companies, including the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. Furthermore, the 1980 Diplomatic Conference was held in Vienna that led to the adoption of the United Nations Convention of Contracts for the International Sale of Goods. Additionally, Vienna is the seat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law's secretariat.

Monday, January 08, 2007


The Stalinist version of socialism, with some important modifications, shaped the Soviet Union and influenced Communist Parties worldwide. It was heralded as a possibility of building communism via a massive program of industrialization and collectivization. The rapid development of industry, and above all the victory of the Soviet Union in the Second World War, maintained that vision throughout the world, even around a decade following Stalin's death, when the party adopted a program in which it promised the establishment of communism within thirty years.
However, under Stalin's leadership, evidence emerged that dented faith in the possibility of achieving communism within the framework of the Soviet model. Stalin had created in the Soviet Union a repressive state that dominated every aspect of life. Later, growth declined, and rent-seeking and corruption by state officials increased, which dented the legitimacy of the Soviet system.
Despite the activity of the Comintern, the Soviet Communist Party adopted the Stalinist theory of "socialism in one country" and claimed that, due to the "aggravation of class struggle under socialism," it was possible, even necessary, to build socialism in one country alone.This departure from Marxist internationalism was challenged by Leon Trotsky, whose theory of "permanent revolution" stressed the necessity of world revolution.

Tuesday, January 02, 2007

White tigers

White tigers are Bengal tigers or tigers of mixed Bengal/Amur ancestry with pink noses, white-to-creme coloured fur and black, grey or chocolate-coloured stripes. Their eyes are usually blue, but may be green or amber. There are several hundred captive white tigers worldwide, all of whom can trace their ancestry back to a white Bengal tiger caught in Rewa, India.
Due to the opinion that their colouration is widely considered striking, white tigers have become popular attractions in zoos and entertainment that showcases exotic animals; the magicians Siegfried and Roy are famous for using several trained white tigers in their shows. Contrary to popular belief, white tigers are not a separate species in their own right, but are a mutant form of the orange Bengal tigers.